Content Security Policy (CSP)
Quick Reference Guide


CSP frame-ancestors

The frame-ancestors directive allows you to specify which parent URLs can frame the current resource. Using the frame-ancestors CSP directive we can block or allow a page from being placed within a frame or iframe.

An Example frame-ancestors Policy

The most common way to use the frame-ancestors directive is to block a page from being framed by other pages.

frame-ancestors 'none'

Using frame-ancestors 'none' is similar to using X-Frame-Options: deny. Specifically this means that the given URI cannot be framed inside a frame or iframe tag.

Example: CSP the Same Origin iframe

Now suppose you want to allow a page to be framed, for example within an iframe, but only from the same site (same origin). In this case you can use:

frame-ancestors 'self'

And this would allow your iframe code:

<iframe src="/same/site/url.html">

Using frame-ancestors 'self' is similar to using X-Frame-Options: sameorigin

Specifying a URI

Now suppose we want to allow https://a.example.com and https://b.example.com to frame our page, we can specify it with frame-ancestors like this:

frame-ancestors https://a.example.com https://b.example.com

What HTML elements does frame-ancestors apply to?

In addition to frame and iframe the frame-ancestors directive also applies to applet, embed and objecttags.

Can frame-ancestors be used in a meta tag?

No, you cannot use the frame-ancestors directive from a Content-Security-Policy meta tag. It must be specified as part of a Content-Security-Policy header.

Is frame-ancestors covered by the default-src directive?

No, the frame-ancestors does not inherit from the default-src directive, you need to explicitly specify it in your Content-Security-Policy header.

What happens when frame-ancestors blocks something?

You might see an error message in the developer tools console such when you try to load a page in a frame, or iframe that is not allowed by the frame-ancestors policy, such as:

[Error] Refused to load <url> because it does not appear in the frame-ancestors directive of the content security policy.

How is frame-ancestors different from frame-src?

The frame-src directive restricts where frames can be loaded from on the page protected by the CSP policy. So for example if we had a policy for the URI /apples defined as this:

frame-src 'none';frame-ancestors 'self'

And now a policy for the URI /oranges defined as:

frame-src 'self';frame-ancestors 'none'

The page /apples can be framed by /oranges, for example with an iframe tag. But the page /apples cannot frame the page /oranges for two reasons. The policy for /apples does not allow it to frame any subresources: frame-src 'none', and the policy for /oranges does not allow it to be framed by any other pages: frame-ancestors 'none'.

frame-ancestors Browser Support

The frame-ancestors directive was added to CSP Level 2. This means that browser support for frame-ancestors existed since 2015 in Chrome and Firefox, Safari 10+ or Edge 15+.

The frame-ancestors CSP directive is not supported at all in Internet Explorer, you need to use the Edge browser instead.

CSP Developer Field Guide

CSP Developer Field Guide

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